nginx通过https部署vue项目的完整步骤

在实际开发中,我们会以https形式进行页面访问,下面这篇文章主要给大家介绍了关于nginx通过https部署vue项目的完整步骤,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,需要的朋友可以参考下

本篇主要记录vue项目,通过nginx实现https部署的免费方案。主要参考步骤和关键点如下所示。

一、生成证书

进入nginx安装目录

# 进入nginx目录
[root@hecs-402944 nginx]# cd /etc/nginx/
[root@hecs-402944 nginx]# ls
conf.d     fastcgi.conf          fastcgi_params          koi-utf  mime.types          nginx.conf          scgi_params          uwsgi_params          win-utf
default.d  fastcgi.conf.default  fastcgi_params.default  koi-win  mime.types.default  nginx.conf.default  scgi_params.default  uwsgi_params.default

创建ssl文件目录

# 创建ssl目录
[root@hecs-402944 nginx]# mkdir ssl
[root@hecs-402944 nginx]# cd ssl

生成server.key,需要设置两次密码

[root@hecs-402944 ssl]# openssl genrsa -aes256 -out server.key 2048
Generating RSA private key, 2048 bit long modulus
...........................................................+++
................................................................................................+++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
Enter pass phrase for server.key:
Verifying - Enter pass phrase for server.key:

生成无密码的server.key

# 生成无密码的server.key
[root@hecs-402944 ssl]# openssl rsa -in server.key -out server.key
Enter pass phrase for server.key:
writing RSA key
[root@hecs-402944 ssl]# ls
server.key

创建服务器证书的申请文件 server.csr

此处需要填写具体内容,国家、省份、城市、公司、行业、网站、邮箱等,后面的两次密码直接回车就好。

[root@hecs-402944 ssl]# openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
## 国家
Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:CN
## 省份
State or Province Name (full name) []:heilongjiang
## 城市
Locality Name (eg, city) [Default City]:haerbin
## 公司
Organization Name (eg, company) [Default Company Ltd]:xxxxxxx
## 行业
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:IT
## 网站
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:www.xxxxxxx.com
## 邮箱
Email Address []:xxxxxx@xxxxxx.com.cn

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
## 两次回车
A challenge password []:
An optional company name []:
[root@hecs-402944 ssl]# ll
总用量 8
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1082 5月  13 09:15 server.csr
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1679 5月  13 09:11 server.key

生成crt证书文件server.crt

# 生成crt证书文件server.crt
[root@hecs-402944 ssl]# openssl x509 -in server.csr -out server.crt -req -signkey server.key -days 3650
Signature ok
subject=/C=CN/ST=heilongjiang/L=haerbin/O=dongfangtongwangxin/OU=IT/CN=www.tongtech.com/emailAddress=weirx@mvtech.com.cn
Getting Private key

二、nginx配置

前端项目使用nginx部署,所以我们采用nginx爆率443端口,开启ssl。

server {
       listen 443 ssl http2 default_server;
       listen [::]:443 ssl http2 default_server;

       ssl on;
       ssl_certificate "/etc/nginx/ssl/server.crt";
       ssl_certificate_key "/etc/nginx/ssl/server.key";
       ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
       ssl_session_timeout 10m;
       ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
       ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
       
        server_name  _;
        
        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        root /opt/vue/dist;

        gzip_static on;

    location / {
         proxy_pass http://localhost:13000;
        }

           # 支持websocket的配置项
        location /websocket {
            proxy_pass http://localhost:13000;
            # WebScoket Support
            proxy_http_version 1.1;
            proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
            proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
        }
        }

三、修改vue配置文件

项目使用qiankun框架,分为主工程和子工程,所以我们需要修改在主工程当中的子工程配置,主要是访问的ip地址。

修改.env文件,在使用http时是需要配置ip+端口的,修改为https直接使用ip即可。

#开发环境env配置
NODE_ENV=production
VUE_APP_SYSTEM_URL=//172.16.3.30/system
VUE_APP_COMPONENTS_URL=//172.16.3.30/components
VUE_APP_API_BASIC_URL=//172.16.3.30/basic

VUE_APP_SOCKETURL = 'wss://172.16.3.29'

如上所示,需要将websocket的请求地址由ws修改为wss,否则会报错。

总结